Sometimes referred to as encaustic or encaustic cement (although not associated with the encaustic wax painting technique), these tiles are thicker than ceramic, glass or porcelain tiles. Whether they’re used as floor tiles or in other design applications, they make an impression. Given the enduring quality of cement tiles, they’re an affordable choice for your home, meant to last and supply years of enjoyment. But there are some things you may not know about this remarkable design material.